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Reading skills - PORTRAIT OF A GARDENER


Klausimas #1


Read the text and complete its summary below.
PORTRAIT OF A GARDENER

     The work of a gardener has changed radically over the last 30 years. New technology in developing seeds, plants, fertilisers, equipment and materials and a deeper understanding of climate have combined to make what can be one of the simplest and most traditional occupations one of the most sophisticated. It is also true that 30 years ago, professional gardening was almost exclusively a job for men and boys. Thankfully, that is no longer the case. A shiningly successful example of how times have changed is Fiona Crumley, the head gardener of the Chelsea Physic Garden.
     Fiona had originally wanted to go into agriculture, but she was put off by an interviewer at the Agricultural Advisory Board who was 'dead against women in agriculture'. She says she was impressionable enough as a school-leaver to believe that he must be right. So when her Careers Advisor suggested horticulture*, that seemed the best way to follow her interest in plants. At that time, Wiltshire County Council had a unique course which had been set specifically for training gardeners.
     After that she went to college to do a three-year Higher National Diploma course in Amenity Horticulture* It was a sandwich course: the first year was spent at college, the second working away from college and the third back in college preparing for final exams. Fiona's year of work experience was with the London Borough of Enfield in their Parks and Recreation Department. Enfield gave the students a well-structured year with time for working in a variety of environments -from parks to cemeteries.
     This excellent training took Fiona to Newby Hall in North Yorkshire, a garden and country house which was open to the public for part of the year. This was demanding 'hands-on' gardening with just five gardeners for 10-hectare garden. After a few years there, Fiona saw a post advertised at the Chelsea Physic Garden. She applied and was appointed. She became head gardener three and half years later. 
     Opportunities for young gardeners are increasing, since there are more and more country houses and gardens open to the public. There is also considerable interest in seeing historic gardens restored and maintained. You could in fact say that gardening is a growth area...

Horticulture - the study and practice of growing flowers, fruit, and vegetable; Amenity Horticulture - horticulture for parks, leisure centres, cemeteries, etc.
 
Fill in the gaps in the summary with proper words that suit the content of the text. The word should not necessarily be taken from the text. Fill the gap with one word only.

Summary

     The development of new technologies, equipment and materials as well as other factors have turned gardening into a very sophisticated occupation. While in the it was considered to be mainly a  job, now the situation has changed. When Fiona Crumley decided to take up agriculture she was not accepted because she was a
. She was young at that time and she thought that the decision was . Then it was suggested that she take a course in horticulture as she was so in plants. While doing her Higher National Diploma, she spent the year working in Parks and Recreation Department. It was very useful as it gave her a chance to in different environments. Because of her  qualifications she was accepted at Newby Hall. As the number of gardens and public houses to the public is increasing, young gardeners have lots of . One can say that gardening is a growth area.

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